Federal Authority for Identity and Citizenship (ICA) was established on September 29, 2004 under the name “Emirates Identity Authority” under Federal Law No. (2) for the year 2004 to establish the “Population Register and Emirates Identity Card Program”, which included recording personal and vital data for all population in the state and keeping them in electronic databases in coordination with the competent authorities. and issuing the Emirates ID Card for each individual to be registered and to contain the Emirates ID number, readable data and data stored on an electronic chip, which can be used in all entities.
The Federal Decree-Law No. 3 of 2017 is a significant and important turning point in the work of ICA after it was decided to change its name to be “Federal Authority for Identity and Citizenship” and to add new functions to its Terms of Reference namely citizenship Affairs, passports, entry and residence of foreigners in the state, and transfer the terms of reference and powers assigned to the Ministry of Interior to ICA in this regard.
- Federal Decree on Establishment of the Federal Authority for Identity and Citizenship
- Federal Law No. (17) Of 1972 concerning Nationality and Passports
- The Executive Regulations of the Federal Decree-Law No. (2) of 2004 establishing the Emirates Identity Authority
- The Executive Regulations of the Federal Decree-Law No. (9) of 2006 regarding the Population Register System and the Emirates ID Card